Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize on Oct. 11 for his peacemaking efforts with Eritrea.
Ethiopia and Eritrea, longtime foes who fought a border war from 1998 to 2000, restored relations in July 2018 after years of hostility.
The prize, worth nine million Swedish crowns, or around $900,000, will be presented in Oslo on Dec. 10.
“Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali has been awarded this years Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea,” the Norwegian Nobel Committee said in its citation.
“The prize is also meant to recognize all the stakeholders working for peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia and in the East and Northeast African regions,” it added.
At 43, Abiy Ahmed is the youngest head of government in Africa.
“This victory and recognition is a collective win for all Ethiopians, and a call to strengthen our resolve in making Ethiopia—the new horizon of hope—a prosperous nation for all,” the prime ministers office said.
It quoted Abiy as saying: “We are proud as a nation.”
Challenges Ahead For Abiy
Since taking office in April 2018 after the resignation of Hailemariam Desalegn following three years of street unrest, Abiy has announced a series of reforms that hold the promise of fundamentally changing the country of some 100 million people.
Abiys landmark achievement to date is securing peace with neighboring Eritrea.