Science

‘100,000 orangutans’ killed in 16 years

Media playback is unsupported on your device

More than 100,000 Critically Endangered orangutans have been killed in Borneo since 1999, research has revealed.

Scientists who carried out a 16-year survey on the island described the figure as "mind-boggling".

Deforestation, driven by logging, oil palm, mining and paper mills, continues to be the main culprit.

But the research, published in the journal Current Biology, also revealed that animals were "disappearing" from areas that remained forested.

This implied large numbers of orangutans were simply being slaughtered, said lead researcher Maria Voigt of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany.

Read also: Saving the orangutans of Sumatra

Dr Voigt and her colleagues say the animals are being targeted by hunters and are being killed in retaliation for crop-raiding – a threat that has been previously underestimated.

Prof Serge Wich from Liverpool John Moores University, UK, also part of the team, told BBC News: "We didn't expect the losses to be so large in standing forest, so these [studies] confirm that hunting is a major issue."

"When these animals come into conflict with people on the edge of a plantation, they are always on the losing end. People will kill them.

"Just last week, we had a report of an orangutan that had 130 pellets in its body, after being shot at in Borneo.

"It's shocking and it's unnecessary. Orangutans might eat farmers' fruit, but they are not dangerous."

Prof Wich called for leaders in Malaysia and Indonesia to speak out against this deliberate targeting of the apes. But the research also showed that natural resources were still being exploited in Borneo "at an unsustainable rate".

Deforestation alone, the researchers predict, could wipe out a further 45,000 orangutans over the next 35 years.

The cultivation of oil palm, found in a wide variety of food products, is a well-known cause of that habitat loss.

Dr Emma Keller from the conservation charity WWF told BBC News but that consumers should "put pressure" on companies to commit to a sustainable supply for this almost ubiquitous food product.

Referring to the certification system known as the Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), Dr Keller said that the standards for what constitutes sustainable were "constantly being updated".

"The big objectives now are to have a complete ban on deforestation and no planting on peat soils," she said.

And while an independent assessment of the scheme, published in 2017, found that it "significantly reduced deforestation", it also concluded that participating plantations needed monitoring if it was to have a significant impact on fires and peatland clearance.

Building bridges

As the stark new figures on orangutan declines were published, conservationists also highlighted a glimmer of hope for patches of their habitat.

A team from Chester Zoo in the UK released the first pictures of the animals using man-made "forest canopy bridges", constructed from tough cargo-strapping that the zoo uses to make swings and bridges in orangutan enclosures.

Catherine Barton, the zoo's field conservation manager explained that – working with the charity Hutan in Malaysia – the zoo had set out to reconnect habitats fragmented by oil palm plantations, roads and drainage channels.

"To see the animals start to use these bridges and to reconnect across this fragmented habitat is a really positive sign," said Ms Barton. "But it's a short-term solution."

In the long-term, she added, the aim was to replant forests and make space for the great apes.

But as Prof Wich pointed out, his team's survey confirmed that it would not be enough merely to protect the animals' forest habitat. "We have to protect the animals, so we don't end up with forest that looks fine, but has no orangutans."

Follow Victoria on Twitter

Original Article

BBC

Related Articles

7 Comments

  1. Real Tips For Real Article Online Marketers Who Want Success

    There is much to learn about short article advertising and much success that can accompany this knowledge.
    While there are a great deal of facts out there, not all of them will certainly be beneficial to you.
    This short article is packed with only the best write-up advertising and marketing suggestions.

    Most customers trust the opinion of other customers greater than they trust professional recommendations.
    Include an area in your internet site where your customers can most likely to review actual testimonies of individuals satisfied with your items.

    Start a dispute if you are striking a wall with
    your material. This will certainly not be specifically good for your brand, nor any other brands you pick to include.

    This activity can generate attention as readers link back
    to read your blog. If your posts are likewise of high-grade, your web traffic issue will be solved.

    Blog writing is a valuable as well as imaginative way for standing out to a business.
    Blog writing is free to make use of on several web sites,
    and you can utilize it to participate in feedback with your visitors.
    Blog sites are simple to set up and can draw in a good deal of traffic to your site which
    can raise your organization.

    When trying to market articles to drive traffic or sell products, a lot of people determine to do this work themselves.
    Keep in mind composing takes skill. It is really possible that you write skillfully and have fantastic punctuation and grammar
    skills. This will certainly aid a great deal. Memorable short articles call for a certain skill.
    Composing is an art form, not just mechanics.

    Your website ought to include your short articles to make sure that the key phrases are discovered by searches and also straight
    website traffic to your site. This helps offers you much more web traffic and much better search rankings.
    Internet search engine rank regularly updated sites extra highly, so when you upload short articles to
    your site you assist on your own.

    A wonderful means to get exposure is to send your write-ups to
    blog networks as well as write-up directories. A great method to come to be a professional on a topic and to raise
    your web site traffic is to obtain people interested in your blog.
    Furthermore, make certain that you stay as detail-oriented as feasible with your writing.

    Article marketing isn’t a market that contains rarefied understanding.

    If some master attempts to offer you a “secret method”, flee howling.

    You can discover every little thing you need to learn about write-up advertising and marketing
    through discovering business. The very same ideas you already find out about marketing your
    organization apply to article marketing, with the concentrate on circulation of your content.

    There are a host of websites that pay you a small amount every single time your post is checked
    out on their site. There are a range of passive revenue resources offered to write-up online marketers.
    You can make a respectable amount.

    Your title is of significant relevance. If the title doesn’t
    speak quantities regarding the content or is boring in any way, the reader will certainly be switched off.
    Make your title appropriate. The title must
    give the reader a quick concept of what the write-up is about.

    Make sure that you have a catchy title to your short article.
    Individuals need to be drawn in to review your posts, as well
    as the best method to achieve this is to develop
    headings that are as interesting as feasible. Make
    use of the targeted keyword as the basis for a statement or inquiry.

    Create an unique voice that makes your content attract attention.
    Although a synonym replacement tool can be a helpful device,
    utilizing one for almost every word in a short article is a clear no-no.
    This is due to the fact that your visitors will realize this isn’t
    truly your voice that is creating the post, which will certainly trigger them to shy away
    from reading your short article.

    Include your bio on every article. This tells
    the visitor a bit regarding you, as well as it can include
    your internet site web link. If somebody likes what you have created, they will certainly be encouraged to see your website also.
    These web links are a terrific method to build
    website traffic to your site as well as develop
    a complying with. On top of that, writer bios allow your visitors
    to really feel linked to you and your business.

    Know where you are placing your short articles. Have a clear
    understanding of the guidelines and also get to know their guide databases as
    well. It’s nearly standard for websites to have this, so
    make certain to try to find it.

    When you’re producing short articles to distribute you’ll require to
    leave on your own out of the material. If you give visitors helpful, pertinent information, your articles will maintain them interested.
    If readers seem like they read a sales pitch, you will certainly get nowhere.

    You need to figure out the most effective way to market your write-ups.
    Think about using online write-up directory sites for marketing your articles.
    To get more website traffic, make sure to put your write-ups on multiple on the internet directories.

    There is a great deal to discover write-up advertising, with well known techniques as well as more recent techniques that you may not have come across.
    Begin doing short article advertising with these pointers, or improve what efforts you are currently making.

  2. Hi! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone!
    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts!
    Carry on the great work!

  3. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if
    you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with
    something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new
    updates.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button