Trade

EU takes billion-euro battle to Russia

Brussels is ratcheting up pressure on Russia in a tit-for-tat sanctions battle that has raged since the early days of the Ukraine crisis in 2014.

The European Union is now pressing to claw back €1.4 billion each year from Moscow, arguing that the Kremlin unlawfully banned imports of pork meat from Europe in January 2014, just as President Vladmir Putin’s relations with the West slid into a precipitous decline.

People familiar with the dispute said the European Commission’s demand for compensation shifted into a significant new phase this week, when the World Trade Organization referred the “EU’s request to retaliate against Russia” to arbitration. An EU official explained this arbitration process would decide whether the value of the EU’s claim was justified, before a further procedure would determine whether the measure could be enforced against Moscow.

Russia’s ban on European pigmeat was imposed before Russian forces annexed Crimea, while protesters packed the Maidan square in Kiev to call for the ouster of President Viktor Yanukovych. Moscow justified the measures as a response to cases of African swine fever in Poland and Lithuania. The EU retorted that an outright ban on all European bacon and pork was disproportionate, while Lithuanian officials also complained that swine fever was rife in Russia, and was probably spread by wild boar originating there.

The EU additionally seeks 15 percent interest on sums recouped from Russia in subsequent years | Damien Meyer/AFP via Getty Images

The pigmeat ban came several months before Russia’s wider political embargo on all fresh food imports from the EU, which Moscow imposed in retaliation to the European sanctions package of July 2014. In December 2017, EU sanctions were rolled over for another six months.

Last year, the WTO ruled that Russia had acted illegally by imposing its pigmeat ban, which dealt a heavy blow to farmers in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands.

Europe is basing its retaliation claim on the value of its pork exports to Russia ahead of the sanctions. The total value of the claim was made clear for the first time in a document filed at the WTO in late December. The EU not only raised the €1.4 billion figure, but said that it would additionally seek 15 percent interest on sums recouped from Russia in subsequent years.

The money would not be levied as a fine, but would be accumulated through extra tariffs on Russian goods that would normally have been exempted from duties.

Russian veterinary authorities said in December that the January 2014 measures had been dropped, but the EU complains that Moscow effectively upheld the ban by then including pork in its broader food embargo from summer 2014, which was justified for reasons of national security. Russia also styled sanctions as an opportunity to build up domestic meat production after foreign competition was removed from the market.

The EU’s continued moves against Russia mean that Brussels is now effectively beginning to challenge the legitimacy of the broader politically motivated food sanctions against the EU.

“So far there was reluctance [at the WTO] to challenge such a political embargo,” a Geneva-based EU trade diplomat said, adding that it was still unclear whether the trade body could prevent countries from stopping imports that had been banned for national security reasons, rather than over phytosanitary concerns such as claims of swine fever. “This will be an interesting dispute year in Geneva.”

Peter Ungphakorn, a former WTO official, also noted that the case reached further than would normally be expected for a conventional dispute over phytosanitary issues.

“It is a big deal in a sense that usually only a minority of animal health-related issues become a full-blown legal dispute at the WTO,” he said.

Jacopo Barigazzi contributed reporting.

Original Article

Politico

Related Articles

65 Comments

  1. You could definitely see your enthusiasm in the article you write.
    The arena hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to mention how they
    believe. Always go after your heart.

  2. Wonderful beat ! I wish to apprentice whilst you amend your web site, how can i subscribe for a blog site?
    The account aided me a appropriate deal. I were a little
    bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided vivid clear concept

    Also visit my web blog: slot ace333 – Bret,

  3. Hey there! I know this is sort of off-topic but I needed to ask.
    Does building a well-established website like yours take a lot of
    work? I am completely new to writing a blog but I do write in my journal daily.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my experience and
    feelings online. Please let me know if you have any ideas or
    tips for brand new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

    my homepage; Slot sky777 (918Kiss-m.com)

  4. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of
    any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some
    time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and
    I look forward to your new updates.

    Here is my blog post; greatwall99 android

  5. Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the
    internet the easiest thing to be aware of.

    I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly do not know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole
    thing without having side effect , people could take a signal.

    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

    My web-site … kiosk ok388

  6. This is the right site for anyone who hopes to find out about this topic.
    You understand a whole lot its almost tough
    to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa).
    You certainly put a fresh spin on a subject that’s been discussed for years.
    Excellent stuff, just excellent!

    My web blog … cara id test epicwin

  7. Hi there, I found your blog by the use of
    Google even as looking for a comparable topic, your web site got here up, it looks great.
    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hi there, just turned into aware of your blog through Google, and found
    that it is truly informative. I’m going to be careful for brussels.
    I’ll be grateful in case you continue this in future.
    Lots of folks will be benefited out of your writing.

    Cheers!

    my page … jackpot 918kiss plus (918kiss-m.com)

  8. Excellent weblog here! Also your site rather a lot up very
    fast! What host are you the use of? Can I get your associate hyperlink in your host?
    I desire my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

    Here is my webpage playboy2apk

  9. I do not know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else experiencing problems
    with your blog. It appears as though some of the text on your posts are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this
    is happening to them as well? This might be a problem with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Thank you

  10. whoah this blog is fantastic i like reading your articles.
    Stay up the great work! You recognize, a lot of people are looking round for this information, you can help
    them greatly.

  11. Saya telah telah menjelajah online lebih dari 3 jam hari ini, namun saya tidak pernah menemukan artikel menarik seperti
    milik Anda. It’s cukup berharga bagi saya. Secara pribadi , jika semua pemilik web dan blogger membuat konten yang baik seperti yang Anda lakukan, net akan menjadi lebih berguna
    dari sebelumnya.

    my web blog :: Vazbet tembak ikan

  12. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to
    say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around
    your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  13. magnificent put up, very informative. I’m wondering why the
    opposite specialists of this sector do not notice this.
    You must continue your writing. I am confident, you have a great readers’ base
    already!

    Here is my web blog: 카지노

  14. Ꮇagnificent beat ! I would likke to apprentice while you
    amend your site, һow ⅽould i subscribe for a blog site?

    The account aiⅾed me а aсceptable deal. I had been tiny
    bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright ⅽlear idea

  15. Saya telah telah menjelajah online lebih dari 3 jam hari ini, namun saya tidak pernah menemukan artikel menarik seperti milik Anda.
    It’s cukup berharga bagi saya. Secara pribadi ,
    jika semua pemilik web dan blogger membuat konten yang baik
    seperti yang Anda lakukan, net akan menjadi lebih berguna
    dari sebelumnya.

    my blog post – Joker338com

  16. Saya telah telah menjelajah online lebih dari 4 jam hari ini,
    namun saya tidak pernah menemukan artikel
    menarik seperti milik Anda. It is cukup berharga bagi saya.
    Secara pribadi , jika semua pemilik web dan blogger membuat konten yang baik seperti
    yang Anda lakukan, internet akan menjadi a jauh lebih berguna dari sebelumnya.

    My web-site … Joker123 motobola

  17. It’s really a nice аand helpful piece of information. I’m haрpy that yⲟu shɑred this uѕeful imfo wіth us.
    Ρleade keep uѕ up to datе like this. Than you
    for sharing.

  18. You are a prolific blogger – when did you start your blog and why?

    So, why would Buffett invest in a bad business?

    I kept wondering why nobody else bid on the auction. Ten years ago I started out thinking
    the problem is the modeling of these systems, but over the
    years, as more and more research and data on these trends became available, I’ve become convinced
    the problem isn’t understanding the system dynamics to begin with, but that nobody is paying attention to what we’ve learned.
    With better search engine rankings, you can stay a step (or more) ahead of your competitors.

    The standard of the products are always good and this is because the companies would be
    getting regular client feedback on the sort of products being
    sold and this is also a good way you can boost up the sales of a
    particular website. Do you think that social media is a good way for
    new artists to raise their profile? 2. Don’t rely solely on electronic media to make contact with people in the business.

  19. First oof all I wοuld like to say ԝonderful
    blog! I had a ԛuick question which I’d like to ask іf youu don’t mind.
    I was interested to find out how you center yourseelf and clar ʏour mind
    before writing. I have hаd difficulty clearing my thoughts in ցetting my ideas oout
    there. I do enjoy writing however it jut seems like the first
    10 to 15 minutes are generally wasted simply just trying tto fіgure out how to bеgin. Any recommendations οr tiрs?
    Appreciate it!

  20. Saya telah telah berselancar online lebih dari tiga jam hari ini, namun saya tidak pernah menemukan artikel menarik seperti milik Anda.
    It’s cukup berharga bagi saya. Secara pribadi , jika
    semua pemilik situs dan blogger membuat konten yang baik seperti yang Anda
    lakukan, internet akan menjadi lebih berguna dari sebelumnya.

    my blog post; Www joker888 net joker

  21. Нello! I know thius is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask.
    Woupd you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a blolg post
    or viϲe-versa? My blog discusses a lot off the same subjects as yours
    and I think wee could greatly benefit from each other. If you are
    interested fee free to shoot me an e-mail. I look forward to hearfing from you!
    Wonderful blog by the way!

  22. Admiring the persiѕtеnce youu put info your website aand ɗetailed information you provide.
    It’s great to cⲟme across a bⅼog every once in a while that iѕn’t the
    same old reһashed material. Fantastic read! I’ve bookmarked youjr site and I’m including yοur RSS feeɗs to my Googoe account.

  23. ѡwhoah this blog iѕ wonderful i really lie reading youur articles.

    Stay uⲣρ the goοdd work! You realize, many people are ѕearching
    around for this info, youu could aid them greatly.

  24. Inteгesting blog! Is y᧐ur theme cust᧐m made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme liike yours withһ a few simple tweeks wohld really make
    my blօg jump out. Please let mе know wheerе yoս got your design. Kudos

  25. Thanks , I have just been searching for info about this topic for a while and yours is the greatest I have discovered till now.
    However, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you positive in regards to the
    supply?

  26. Gambling can be of many types, with each type requiring its own legal structure.

    In Nevada, for example, there is what’s known as a”suit.” A suit is an agreement
    or a contract between a person placing a bet and the
    person or group placing the money at stake. In some countries, a”gaming accounts” is made in which money deposited
    into the account is kept by means of a bookmaker and
    is not available to gamers; others allow online gambling but don’t allow offline gambling.
    In the end, there are”rollover” transactions where the cash in a participant’s account is removed before it is used.
    In this way, the term gambling covers a wide selection of transactions and may refer to all of these,
    as each has its own set of conditions under which it may occur.

  27. May I simply say what a relief to find someone that genuinely knows what they’re discussing on the internet.
    You definitely realize how to bring an issue to light and
    make it important. A lot more people need to look at this and
    understand this side of your story. I was surprised you’re
    not more popular since you most certainly have the gift.

  28. Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of
    the images aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its
    a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet
    browsers and both show the same outcome.

    my website – 바카라

  29. Hi would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re working with?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I
    must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you recommend a good hosting provider at a reasonable price?
    Kudos, I appreciate it!

  30. I used to be suggested this blog by means of my
    cousin. I’m now not sure whether this put up is written by means
    of him as no one else recognize such designated approximately my problem.

    You’re incredible! Thanks!

  31. Having read this I thought it was extremely informative. I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this short article together. I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button